MYSIDACEA (CRUSTACEA) IN THE FAROE AREA
Before the BIOFAR programme sampling
started in 1987 only 16 species of mysids
were recorded from the area defined as the
Faroese Fishery Territory.
Thirty-four species of mysids have been
recorded from the area. The most common-
ly caught species were the hyperbenthic
species Pseudomma qffine (37 deploy-
ments), Parerythrops obesa (30), Erythrops
serrata (29), Mysidopsis didelphys (27),
and Hansenomysis fyllae (23). The domi-
nant species in the phytal zone is Praunus
inermis. Species that were only caught in a
single deployment were the meso- or ba-
thypelagic species Eucopia grimaldii, E.
unguiculata, Gnathophausia zoea and Me-
terythrops picta, and the hyperbenthic
species Amblyops kempi, Paramblyops
bidigitata, P rostrata and Pseudommajasi,
from depths between 940 and 1414 m.
A summary of the records of the species
is given in Table 1.
Six species are rhost often recorded from
the Faroe plateau or the tops of the banks
(0-299 m), 16-18 species seem to be slope
(300-999 m) species, and 10-12 species are
mostly or only caught in deep water (>
Eighteen species are mostly confmed to
«warm» AW, 7 species are mostly confined
to cold NW or AI, and 9 species are mainly
found in well mixed water masses.
Together with up-coming results on the
Icelandic mysid fauna collected during the
BIOICE programme (1991 -) the improved
knowledge of the mysid fauna in the Faroe
area will provide a new platform for studies
of mysid species distributions in the transi-
tion area between the North Atlantic and
the Norwegian Sea.
We are grateful to Professor Arne Nørrevang for the
opportunity to study the mysids collected during the
BIOFAR and BIOFAR 2 programmes, and the staff of
the Kaldbak Marine Laboratory for their care in
undertaking the preliminary sorting of many of the
samples. T. Brattegard wants to thank for pleasant and
fruitful cooperation on the research vessels «Magnus
Heinason» (Fiskirannsóknastovan, Tórshavn) and
«Hákon Mosby» (University of Bergen), and in the
Kaldbak Marine Laboratory.
Contribution of the BIOFAR research programme.
Most of the references to older hterature are not inclu-
ded here because they can be found in the bibliographies
of Tattersall and Tattersall (1951), Gordan (1957), and
Astthorsson, O. S. 1984. The distribution and biology of
mysids in Icelandic subarctic waters as demonstra-
ted by analysis of cod stomach contents. Sarsia 69:
Astthorsson, O. S. 1985. Mysids occurring in the
stomachs of cod caught in the Atlantic water south
and west of Iceland. Sarsia 70: 173-178.
Brandt, A. 1997. Abundance, diversity and community
patterns of epibenthic- and benthic-boundary layer
peracarid crustaceans at 75° N off East Greenland.
Brattegard, T. 1973. Mysidacea from shallow water on
the Caribbean coast of Colombia. Sarsia 54:1-66.
Brattegard, T. andFossá, J. H. 1991. Replicability of an
epibenthic sampler. J. mar. biol. Ass. U. K.l\: 153-
Brattegard, T. and Fossá, J. H. 1992. Distribution of
opossum shrimps (Mysidacea) in Faroese waters.
Norðurlandahúsið ársrir 1991-1992: 77 (Abstract).
Elizalde, M., J.C. Sorbe and Dauvin, J.C. 1993. Las
comunidades suprabentónicas batiales del golfo de
Vizcaya (margen sur del cafion de Cap-Ferret):
composición faunistica y estructura. Publ. Espec.
Inst. Esp. Oceanogr. 11: 247-258.
Dunbar, M. J., MacLellan, D. C, Filion, A. and Moore,