Sujumut - 01.08.1937, Blaðsíða 2

Sujumut - 01.08.1937, Blaðsíða 2
47 SUJUMUT ukiut 4*at Nr. 8 visit to Chief Fr. Høegh, during which a helpful fjord wind sprang up, sailed on to the foot of our mountain. Here in a sheltered cove near the mouth of a small river the huge Lynge famiiy tent was speedily erected. After eating we started to climb, accompanied for awhile by three others. First we went through tall willow scrub which continued in fair luxuriance to nearly 200 metres. Here a plateau was reached with two lakes. The vegetation on this plateau was heethy, with small hillocks and large patches of thick „moss" which would make it a good winter feeding ground for reindeer. Then another climb of 350 metres up steep pasture, brought us to a less hospitable region from which the others returned, carrying a letter for the Ma* nager ot Sletten with directions of how he could join us the next dav. Hans Lynge and I continued over perennial patches of snow and up rough rocky slopes to 950 metres, at which altitude we realised that we would have to give up our first provisional plan of going around behind the nearest peak and over to the second, the highest of all, by an easy southeasterly slope which we had seen from the sea, For we were now confronted by a steeply sloping glacier about a kilometre*and*a=half long, with, beyond, a perpendicular wall of rock some 200 metres high. For the former an ice axe and for the latter a rope would be essential, and we had neither. Hence we were forced, reluctantly, to retreat to 800 metres, where after a meal of fine Greenland reeper, canned by the Manager of Sletten, we camped for the night. The weather was perfect and, there being scarcely a breath of wind and very little frost, we slept between rocks on pockets of moss without bothering to erect our tent. Being possesed, like almost all Greenlanders, of both agility and stamina, Hans Lynge was proving a very worthy mountaineer as well as an excellent companion, so the next morning being fine we decided to try another route up the mountain. First we climbed to a small peak at 1000 metres and there left our packs. We were all the time in brilliant sunshine but below a thick fog filled the fjord, so we did not think the Manager of Sletten could come. However after a time the fog cleared a little and we saw him climbing with another man, still far below and at least two kilometres away. We made a fire of moss and ling and hoped they would see the smoke; but then the cloud enveloped them again and, when at 12. 30 they had not reappéared, we continued on our way as there did not seem to be any chance they could join us now. We had first to descend a little to cross a ravine, and there I obtained two examples af Antennaria compacta, a very rare plant never before found in Greenland. Nearby grew Potentilla nivea andDraba glabeU la, neither of which have previously been recorded from Southwest Greenland, besides many other piants that seemed to be absent from the lowland; so already I was well satis* fied with my work! The vegetation meanwhile became poorer and poorer as we climbed higher. At 1000 metres although most areas were of glacier or barren rock there were still some thick patches of moss and even ling to be found in favourable situations, and a few reeper and snowbuntings. At 1200 metres these had almost disappeared and we did not see any ling or birds above 1300 metres — only a large humble bee which buzzed overhead, crossing from one fjord to another over the sharp ridge of rock on which we were resting, and which fell away precipitously for hundreds of metres on either side. Here at 1300 metres the vegetation, in conformity with the ciimate, was of higfwrctic type, like that of Spitsbergen and Ellesmere, consisting chiefly of mosses and lichens, with occasional grass or sedge piants in the small pockets of soil between the rocks, and such „flowers" as Oxyria digyna, Saxifraga caespitosa and Cardamine bellidifolia. We continued up steep and often difficult slopes of boulders and faces of rock to about 1400 metres (4600 feet) rising straight from the sea, on the northwest side of the chief peak of AkuliaruserssuaK, to a point at which it would have been unnecessarily risky to proceed iwthout a rope and so, as it was already getting late, retraced our steps. In the evening, while Lynge examined some interesting rocks and made some drawings around the camp which we made where we had left our packs, I climbed the small mountain behind, which is known by the

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