Alþingiskosningar - 01.12.1993, Blaðsíða 6

Alþingiskosningar - 01.12.1993, Blaðsíða 6
Preface After its foundation in 1914 the Statistical Bureau of Iceland became responsible for compiling and publishing reports on elections in the country. The first report in 1914 covered general elections in the period 1908-1914 but two election reports covering the period 1874—1911 had already been publishedin 1882 and 1912.Fromthe beginning the Bureau has published its reports on general elections to the Althing, presidential elections and referenda in the series Statistics of Iceland, altogether 31 reports including the present issue. Starting in 1930, the Bureau has also compiled reports on local government elections. These appeared in the Bureau’s Monthly Statistics until the Bureau started to publish them separately in the Statistics oflceland series, the first covering the elections in 1990. In 1988, the Statistical Bureau published in two volumes all reports that had been compiled on general elections, local government elections, presidential elections and referenda in the period 1874-1987, in all 43 reports. Since then reports have been issued on the presidential elections in 1988, local government elections in 1990 and the present report on the ■general elections in 1991. As a point of interest it can be mentioned that 15 general elections have taken place during the period of almost 47 years since the foundation of the Icelandic Republic in 1944 to the general elections of 1991. The first of these took place in 1946, which means that general elections have on the average been held at an interval of 3 years and 2 months. The reports on general elections have changed consider- ably in the course of time, mainly owing to changes in election laws and in constituencies. As of the report on the 1987 general elections, the reporting changed markedly as a result of constitutional amendments in 1984 and amend- ments to the General Elections Act in 1984 and 1987. The main changes in the report were caused by complicated rules for allocation of seats that were first applied in 1987 and necessitated a thorough reporting on how seats are allocated and final results are rendered. This has also been done in the present report, which is quite similar in its presentation to the 1987 report. The main sources on which the present report is based are the following: 1. Statistics on voters on the electoral roll and votes cast are based on reports that local election boards submit to the Statistical Bureau. 2. Information on candidate lists and candidates is based on advertisements by constituency election boards. 3. Information on election results and allocation of seats is based on reports submitted by constituency election boards to the national election board and on reports submitted by the latter to the Statistical Bureau. The actual presentation of the tables is the work of the Bureau. For the Statistical Bureau, Guðni Baldursson has been in charge of the data collection, processing and compiling of this report while the lay-out has been carried out by Sigurborg Steingrímsdóttir. The Statistical Bureau of Iceland in December 1993 Hallgrímur Snorrason
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