Ferðavenjur Íslendinga - 01.02.1998, Blaðsíða 27

Ferðavenjur Íslendinga - 01.02.1998, Blaðsíða 27
Ferðavenjur íslendinga 1996 25 while in the same season the proportion of overnight stays for the age group 16-24 years was 53% and proportion of trips was 66%. Children, therefore, took longer trips in the sum- mertime than people between 16 and 24 years of age. Figure 3 shows that in summer the percentage of ovemight stays for all age groups was generally higher than the percentage of trips, except for the age group 16-24 years. In other seasons the proportion of trips was usually higher than that of over- night stays. Oft the total number of domestic trips, 77% were short ones lasting 1-3 nights, while 17% of them took 4-7 nights. The length of stay was similar for all age groups. Summary 5 provides a more detailed look at length of stay in domestic trips. By far the most common means of transport on domestic trips was the private car, used in 82% of all trips as compared with 8% by aircraft. People in the age group 16-24 years stand somewhat apart in their choice of transport means; they made use of private cars in 68% of their trips, which is a lower proportion than for other age groups. The most frequently selected means of transport in this age group were coaches and aircraft. A further description of means of transport is found in Summary 6. The most popular destination of domestic tourists was without question the southem region of Iceland, attracting almost 30% of all trips. The second most frequented desti- nation was the western region, with 17%. The southem and westem regions include the greatest concentration of private summer houses and other holiday dwellings, which is the most likely explanation for the popularity of these destina- tions. There was very little difference in the choice of destination with regard to age. Still, in every fifth trip made by people in the age groups 25-64 the destination was the capital region, a somewhat higher ratio than for the remain- ing age groups. In the oldest age group the ratio of trips to the southern region stands out as the highest, or 45%, while trips to other regions are correspondingly less frequent. Overnight stays are divided between destinations in ap- proximately the same proportion as the number of trips although there is a slight difference. In this respect Figure 4 provides a good illustration, showing how the proportion of ovemight stays in the southem and westem regions is strik- ingly below the percentage of trips. In the Westfjords region and the eastem region, however, the picture is reversed and the number of overnight stays is proportionately higher than the number of trips. Looking at the different age groups, children and younger people took proportionate most of their trips to the western region, or 15-18% of the total, while the ratio of their overnight stays in this region ranged between 10% to 15%. A similar picture emerges in the older age groups, aged 45-74 years, only with the southem region as their destination. The age group 45-64 took 37% of their trips to the southern region but spent only 30% of their overnight stays there, and for the age group 65-74 these ratios were 45% and 38% respectively The choice of accommodation varies greatly depending on age. It was quite common for children and younger people to visit friends and relatives and stay there for proportionately longer periods than in other types of accommodation. Thus 38% of children’s trips and 46% of their ovemight stays were of this kind, and in the age group 16-24 these figures were 48% and 58% respectively. To a certain extent the latter age group stands apart in their choice of accommodation, some- thing that is presumably due to the fact that this age group includes a large number of students visiting their relatives in their school vacations. Apart from the accommodation patterns of children, it is apparent that the popularity of holiday dwellings (houses) increases with higher age; 18% of all trips made by people aged 16-24 were to holiday dwell- ings as compared with 58% of all trips made by those aged 65-74 years. It comes as no surprise that the older people preferred hotels and guesthouses to a larger extent than younger people, and the opposite applies to camping sites. Children and people under the age of 45 made use of camping sites in 13-14% of their trips while older people did so less fre- quently. Outbound trips Outbound trips differ in many respects from domestic ones. They usually last a good deal longer in terms of overnight stays and the most common type of accommodation is hotels and guesthouses. Furthermore, travel agencies are very often consulted when people plan their outbound trips. The follow- ing summaries, 10-16, describe the findings of the survey regarding outbound trips. There were 157 thousand outbound trips and 1.8 million overnight stays in 1996. The number of trips on one hand and the number of overnight stays on the other were somewhat unevenly distributed within the different age groups. Chil- dren, for instance, took 16 thousand trips, or 10% of all outbound trips, while spending 290 thousand ovemight stays abroad, which amounts to 16% of all ovemight stays spent on outbound trips by Icelandic tourists. When it comes to the age group 16-64, however, the picture is reversed. The greatest discrepancy between trips and overnight stays is found in the age group 25^14 years; they made 63 thousand trips, or 40% of the total outbound trips, but spent 624 thousand overnight stays abroad, or only 34% of the total. Outbound trips by children are limited mostly to the summer season. As people grow older their trips tend to spread over the whole year to a greater extent, and for those aged 65-74 the trips are divided equally between the three four-month periods. Overnight stays were proportionately more numerous than trips during summer for all age groups except for 65-74-year-olds, a fact that indicates longer stays on trips taken in summer than during the rest of the year. Of all outbound trips 94% of them lasted less than one month. Length of stay, however, varies greatly between different age groups as shown in Figure 6. Over half of the trips by 65-74-year-olds lasted less than 29 overnight stays whereas 81% of trips by the age group 25^4-4 were shorter than this. Children’s trip lasted in 47% of the cases 15-28 nights while in other age groups this length of stay was considerably less frequent. The choice of destination varied considerably with age although tourism pattems of people aged 25-44 and 45-64 were quite similar. Almost 25% of all outbound trips were to
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Ferðavenjur Íslendinga

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