Ferðavenjur Íslendinga - 01.02.1998, Blaðsíða 28

Ferðavenjur Íslendinga - 01.02.1998, Blaðsíða 28
26 Ferðavenjur Islendinga 1996 the Nordic countries, the highest percentage being among children, 31%. Other European countries were the destina- tion in 59% of all trips abroad, and among 65-74-year-olds this was the most popular destination, visited in 63% of their trips. Trips to countries outside Europe are significant only for the age group 25-64 who made 16% of their trips to those destinations. As for individual countries, the United King- dom was the most popular destination, attracting 16% of all trips, followed by Spain and Denmark. Ovemight stays on outbound trips were most numerous in Spain, or 23%, a much higher percentage than for any other country. Denmark was second in line, with 13% of the ovemight stays. Almost 38% of trips made by people aged 65-74 were to Spain and that is where over half of the overnights stays of this age group were spent. The length of stay, however, varied greatly according to destinations. Figure 7 shows the difference in the ratio of trips as compared with overnight stays. The length of stay on a trip to Spain was clearly much longer than, for instance, on a trip to the UK, Ireland or Germany. The choice of accommodation on outbound trips was mainly hotels and guesthouses. This applies to 41% of the children and this proportion increases as the tourists become older. The age group 65-74 years stayed in hotels or guest- houses in 77% of their overnight stays. In general, the ratio of overnight stays in hotels and guesthouses is somewhat lower than the ratio of trips in the younger age groups, a ratio that rises with higher age, cf. Figure 8. Second to hotels and guesthouses the most common type of accommodation is with relatives or friends, or in 21% of ovemight stays. This is particularly true of children and younger people but less so for those who are oider. On the other hand, overnight stays spent with relatives and friends were relatively more numer- ous than the number of trips to them, the ratio of ovemight stays with relatives and friends being 33% while the ratio of trips was 21%. This means that tourists usually made longer trips when staying with relatives and friends abroad than when they stayed in hotels and guesthouses. Not surprisingly, aircraft was the means of transport for the longest stretch of each trip in 99% of outbound trips. Other means of transport, such as ships, ferries or private cars, were the exception. The private car became the principal means of transport, however, in such rare cases where travel by car became a longer stretch of the whole trip than the stretch travelled by ship or aircraft to and from the country. The survey included questions as to whether the tourists had been assisted by a travel agency when planning their trips. Approximately half of them had done so and there was very little difference between age groups. Still there was a slight tendency for younger people to consult travel agencies to a lesser degree than older tourists. The main reason for consulting travel agencies was in regard to package tours, which accounted for 64% of all trips planned by travel agencies. Purpose of trips In the survey trips were divided into two main categories according to purpose, trips for recreation or business. The first category includes travelling for leisure, recreation or holidays, such as sports tours, visits to relatives and friends and trips for cultural purposes. The main purpose of a trip determines the category. It is not uncommon for people to extend a business trip to include a trip for recreation as well. Still, if the reason for making the trip in the first place is for professional or business purposes, the trip is considered a business trip. Summary 17 shows the breakdown of trips by purpose. The purposes of children’ s trips do not lend themselves to the above classification and therefore they have been excluded in the summary. The majority of trips were made for recrea- tional purposes, or 79% of domestic trips and 63% of out- bound trips. The highest ratio of business trips was in the age group 25-64 years, or 11 %—12% of domestic trips and 33- 36% of outbound trips. Children’s trips Children make up a special target group in the travel industry and for this reason it was decided to include their tourism pattems in the survey. Mothers and single fathers in the sample werequestioned aboutthe travels oftheirchildren. In the first place, they were asked whether any of their children under the age of 16 had accompanied them on their trips and, secondly, whether any of their children, aged 11-15, had made a trip without their company. It was not considered worth while to inquire into the travels of children under the age of 11 years, making trips unaccompanied by their mother or father (if single). Trips made by children aged 11-15 years, unaccompanied by the responding parent were usually school trips or sports trips. The proportion of sports trips was highest in the first four-month period of the year, or 35%, but much lower in the last four-month period. In the first period, when sports trips were most common, the most common type of accommoda- tion was also sleeping-bag accommodation. Furthermore, a large number of children in this category stayed with rela- tives and friends, particularly in other seasons than summer. Children travelling in the company of their parents stayed mainly in holiday dwellings (37%) or with relatives and friends (40%). Their destinations on domestic trips were most often the southem and westem regions, the regions with the largest share of holiday dwellings. Only 5% of trips made by children accompanied by their parents were outbound trips and the most common type of accommodation in these cases seems to have been in hotels and guesthouses. 7. Data collection and execution of the survey Background The survey on Icelandic tourism pattems is part of a coopera- tion project by Statistics Iceland and other member states of the European Economic Area (EEA) designed to collect statistical data for the tourist industry. The primary aim of the survey is to increase, improve and coordinate the gathering of information in this sector. Similar surveys are being conducted at present in other EEA member states. Questionnaire The questionnaire was designed with various principles in mind. It was based, among other things, on instructions issued by Eurostat on the collection of statistical data for the
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