Íslenskt mál og almenn málfræði - 01.01.1982, Blaðsíða 64
62 Asta Svavarsdóttir
duc to somc kind of hypcrcorrection (scc also a similar result in Halldór Halldórsson's
papcr in this volume).
There are some differenccs in the results from diffcrent parts of the country with
respcct to dat. substitution but thcse are by no means clear cut and thc number of
studcnts tcstcd in somc of thc rural arcas was too small to yicld significant rcsults.
A furthcr aspcct that was invcstigatcd was thc corrclation between the tcndency to-
wards dat. substitution (and other „irregularites" in case use) and gcncral success in
school (as judgcd by thc tcachcr of thc class in question). It was found that thc students
who do not do wcll in school in gencral are morc likcly to dcviate from the „normal"
case use. This is not surprising if „corrcct" usc of casc with thcse verbs is something
which has to bc cxplicitly taught in schools and is not acquired spontaneously.
Finally, it was observed that therc may, in fact, bc some corrclation between social
status and „irrcgularity" in casc usc with thcsc impcrsonal verbs. Thc studcnts from
lower class homcs appcar to be more likcly to deviatc from thc „norm". This may
havc to do with thc relation betwccn social class and success in school in gcncral,
since other studies havc indicatcd that such a relation may cxist in Iccland, at least
in Rcykjavík. But this is somcthing which nceds to be invcstigatcd further.