Reykjavík Grapevine - 07.01.2006, Blaðsíða 22

Reykjavík Grapevine - 07.01.2006, Blaðsíða 22
Known to sniff out BS from a mile away,  Kristján Kristjánsson is one of the most re- spected journalists in Iceland. On January 5th  and 6th, Kristján attacked celebrated musician  and long-time proponent of Iceland and its  culture Damon Albarn, only to follow up with  a soft-edged interview with controversial Min- ister of Industry Valgerður Sverrisdóttir.  Leaders affiliated with the Hætta movement  are claiming foul: the state-owned television  station obviously defended the government  with little care for journalistic integrity. We at  the Grapevine are unsure. To be fair, Damon  Albarn is an easy target—often soft-spoken,  often searching for words, and often coming  up with the wrong ones, music journalists love  to mock him, so we understand that Kristján  may have wanted to take the bait. And it is  possible that Mr. Kristjánsson was unable to  see through Minister Sverrisdóttir’s logical  fallacies and factual errors (we have appended  the four most egregious errors and corrections).  Or perhaps Mr. Kristjánsson just didn’t like  Damon, and liked Valgerður, as was indicated  by his facial gestures and mannerisms.  Below is the transcript of both interviews. You  decide. Interview with Damon Albarn, Kastljós, 5 January Intro: Announcer points out that Damon  Albarn “was a pop star in the late 1990s”, and  will be playing a concert with Björk on January  7. (A curious introduction, as Damon Albarn’s  band Gorillaz was both one of the best-selling  and most critically acclaimed bands of 2005.) Kristján Kristjánsson: Are you very much involved in these issues, nature conservatism [sic]? Damon Albarn: This is actually the first kind  of event that I’ve been involved in, but I’m  definitely active in quite a few areas.  Kristján Kristjánsson: But not in this particu- lar area or anywhere else? Damon Albarn: No, I think in Britain we’ve  virtually destroyed our countryside anyway.  What’s being done here should have been  done 50 years ago in Britain and was never  even considered, really. I think the interest- ing thing about this is that Iceland is such a  beautifully preserved piece of nature. That  is something very tangible that we’re talking  about. In Britain it’s just kind of little bits and  yeah, we’ve got preservation orders on what’s  left of Britain. Compared to Iceland it’s almost  irrelevant. Kristján Kristjánsson: Is this an issue you feel strongly about? Damon Albarn: Well, yeah, I think amongst  friends in Iceland it’s been a discussion point  for many years. I remember before the first alu- minium factory was built and I’ve sort of really  watched it grow. And like most of these things,  once they’re there for a while, people just sort  of accept that they’re part of the landscape, and  I think what people need to do is not accept  that in this case. Actually really say, “No, we  don’t accept that.” Kristján Kristjánsson: But you’re a little bit too late, aren’t you, protesting, because the undertakings are so well underway? Damon Albarn: Yeah they are, but speaking  as a frequent visitor, a sort of migratory bird,  I think it sends a really bad message to people  who want to come here that things like this are  happening. I don’t know how much Iceland  values its tourist trade, but it’s certainly sold  on the fantastic nature, of the people and  the place. I think that this will be harmed  dramatically if this goes ahead. And you can  stop things like this. I was heavily involved  with the Stop the War campaign and we  managed to get two million people to march  in London, but our biggest mistake at the time  is that we didn’t do it again. We thought we  had achieved our goal but really it has to be a  relentless thing. So this concert on Saturday  I’m sure will garner a lot of new support and  open people’s eyes to what potentially could  happen. But it needs to be ongoing because  government’s don’t change their policy from  one event. It needs to be a relentless thing.  Kristján Kristjánsson: Yeah, of course, but we’ve had this discussion for years now; should we preserve the nature or should we or build a big power plant – Damon Albarn: I know but it’s just a ridiculous  argument, isn’t it?  Kristján Kristjánsson: Try telling that to the people who are getting new jobs, building new houses *– Damon Albarn: But what’s always struck me  about Iceland is the people are very inventive  people. Surely you can find another source of  development other than destroying the one  thing that you’ve got that’s unique? Kristján Kristjánsson: Which is the nature, you mean? Damon Albarn: Yeah.  Kristján Kristjánsson: Do you meet many people in London, or Britain let’s say, who know about this at all?  Damon Albarn: I don’t think anyone’s aware  of it. Kristján Kristjánsson: No? Damon Albarn: No. Kristján Kristjánsson: It’s not something people discuss? Damon Albarn: Well, it really wouldn’t be  a blip on our kind of radar as far as news is  concerned because, you know, it’s all about  Iraq and terrorism. But this is another form of  destruction, and it just doesn’t make any sense.  It’s really depressing. I’ve been coming here  since 1997. I’ve built a house here. My daugh- ter’s been coming here since she was a baby.  And I hate the idea that any sort of legacy  that I’m going to leave her is going to end up  somewhat tainted by greed. Kristján Kristjánsson: But don’t you think that most people would consider this just an argument from sort of a young, rather wealthy man who lives in a big city somewhere else and just doesn’t understand the needs of the people who live on the eastern coast of Iceland? Damon Albarn: Well, you could say that about  anything that I get involved with. I didn’t  understand the needs of the Iraqi people, but  I felt very passionately about that. I felt it was  absolutely the wrong thing for my country.  I don’t really like to stand as a representative  of my own country; I like to be a representa- tive of people and I don’t think anyone would  advocate something like this, really. Our future  is dependent on our management of it. This is  bad management. You’ll lose something that  you’ll never retrieve, and the soul of Iceland  will in some way be sort of darkened by it.  *Mr. Kristjánsson suggests, in his tone and language, that locals in the east of Iceland are getting jobs and buy- ing houses. Our study of Hagstofa, (Statistics Iceland), indicates that the native-born population of east and especially northeast Iceland has fled during the construc- tion of the Kárahnjúkar dam. In other words, only a few people are getting houses, and those are not the same peo- ple who are getting jobs—the vast majority of the newly employed are foreigners, and those who are Icelandic are rarely from the section of the country in which the dam is being built. Therefore, Kristján’s response to Damon Albarn is extremely misleading. Interview with Minister of Industry Valgerður Sverrisdóttir, Kastljós, 6 January Kristján Kristjánsson: Is there a change of heart among the public regarding environ- mental issues? I get the feeling there is a large group of people who is reaching the ears of MPs with their viewpoint on preserving the environment? Valgerður Sverrisdóttir: It is good that people  generally consider themselves to be environ- mentalists. I consider myself to be an environ- mentalist. Even if some people think that I am  not, like your guest last night, who seems to  believe that all I do is travel around the country  and point out where we should dam or build  aluminium smelters. That’s not how it is. But  there is a lot of interest in the environmental  issues, we have a very beautiful country that we  should not spoil of course.  Kristján Kristjánsson: But which we are spoiling on grand scale? Valgerður Sverrisdóttir: But we are, to some  extent. In order to harness the water power, the  effects of that can be seen on nature. Without  question. It is always a question of picking and  choosing. As for eastern Iceland, for example, I  dare people who are against Kárahnjúkar dam  and the aluminium smelter to go to the eastern  part of Iceland, to witness the energy within  the society there. To see what is happening  there. It is a new life for people there.  Kristján Kristjánsson: How do you answer what some people have called sentimental arguments*, and I noticed that Independence Party MP Guðlaugur Þór Þórðarson said that it was time to pay more attention to these arguments than we have before. How do you answer when people simply appeal to their love of the country, the untouched nature, that people believe to be our greatest asset? Valgerður Sverrisdóttir: Like I said before, we  have to pick and choose. We are not spoiling  nature for the fun of it. If we decide it is right  to use hydroelectric power to create jobs, to use  this green energy that we have a lot of, then  that is also a viewpoint. We are getting atten- tion all over the world for being environmen- tally friendly. I am talking about how we use  reusable energy, we are producing hydrogen,  we are binding greenhouse gasses**, we have  just been awarded for that in Toronto recently.  These viewpoints are all too seldom heard.  Keep in mind, if we built an aluminium factory  in Iceland that uses green energy, then the  amount of greenhouse gasses released is almost   ten times more if it is built outside of Iceland  and powered by coal***. So if we think globally,  which is considered to be a good way to think  nowadays, then Iceland is an ideal place to  build aluminium smelters****.  Kristján Kristjánsson: Perhaps not for the people who live here? Valgerður Sverrisdóttir: Why not? I was on  a visit today at the aluminium smelter in  Straumsvík, I met a lot of people  who have  worked for 20-30 years. The turnover rate  of employees is very good. People are very  happy to be working there. It is the same way  in Hvalfjörður and it is going to be the same  way in Reyðarfjörður. So we should not talk  down to these workplaces that are in fact very  good workplaces. And we need diversity in our  employment market. I think there are all too  few people that are thinking about the employ- ment market as whole, including the MPs. We  want to live a good life here in Iceland and in  order to do that we need strong companies,  and the aluminium companies are really strong  companies*****.  While Damon Albarn did not intentionally mislead or misstate facts, the Grapevine found four clear cases, all unchallenged by the interviewer, in which Valgerður Sverrisdóttir misstated facts. * Kristján employs the celebrated Fox News method, using “some people” instead of citing a source when introducing a biased description. The Hætta movement has argued that the Kárahnjúkar dam project is an envi- ronmental and economic disaster for Iceland—they have not clearly stated that it is a “sentimental” one. **Iceland, at present, releases minimal greenhouse gasses. This will change as the economy turns to heavy industry—by definition, smelting aluminium produces greenhouse gasses. Specifically, aluminium smelting pro- duces large amounts of carbon dioxide and the PFC CF4. According to the International Aluminium Institute, “On average the smelting process itself is responsible per tonne of aluminium for the production of 1.7 tonnes of CO2 (from the consumption of the carbon anodes) and the equivalent of an additional 2 tonnes of CO2 from PFC emissions. PFCs are potent global warming gases as compared to carbon dioxide and have long atmos- pheric lifetimes. For example one kg of PFC (CF4) is equivalent to 6500 kg of CO2.” (For more information, view the Aluminium and Climate Change Report from the International Aluminium Institute at ***This assumption depends on two misleading concepts: 1) that only in Iceland will aluminium smelters be pow- ered by hydro-electric power, and that everywhere else in the world only uses coal. The International Aluminium Institute argues that the assumption that this is “an erro- neous assumption” and that “the current overall propor- tion of 55% energy sourced from hydroelectric power” will continue into the distant future. Only 30% of aluminium smelters use coal. ****This does not consider that the destruction of virgin land and fragile habitat should not be considered in a discussion of what is “green.” If untouched and vulner- able ecosystems are to be considered “ideal” places for aluminium smelters, one might suggest the Amazon River as the next logical step. In suggesting Iceland as ideal, Ms. Sverrisdóttir does not consider the transport of the aluminium: aluminium is not mined on this volcanic island, nor are there any facilities that demand its use in production. As Iceland has no aluminium ore, and as it has no use for aluminium—there is not even a cannery in the country. Iceland also has some of the highest costs of labour in the world. The only thing that seems to make Iceland ideal is its lax attitude toward the environment and toward work regulations—Iceland is not a member of the EU. ***** Alcoa’s earnings for this quarter “broadly missed Wall Street projections” according to a 10 January report. The stocks took a tumble, losing 5.5 percent, as, though the company was profitable, it did not do as well as it could. Alcoa does, however, have 129,000 employees and it operates in 42 countries, which means that Alcoa would beat most Icelandic companies in a tug of war, qualifying, therefore as a “strong company”, even if the stocks aren’t doing well. The Grapevine is not stating that the Kárahnjúkar dam project is a faulty one, nor that Iceland should avoid heavy industry. We simply believe that this is a difficult subject that should be discussed openly, with all the facts on the table. We are not faulting Valgerður Sverrisdóttir for intentionally misleading the public and misstat- ing facts. We lay the blame for the broadcast of these mistruths entirely at the feet of RÚV, Kastljós, and of the journalist who should have been questioning them, Kristján Kristjánsson. Is the State-Owned Journalist Truly State-Owned? Why did Kristján go on the attack? by Bart Cameron, Sveinn Birkir Björnsson and Paul F. Nikolov 22


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